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Peri-implantitis is a destructive inflammatory process that causes break down of the surrounding gum and bone of an already integrated dental implant, leading to the loss of supporting bone. This can occur for many reasons, but primarily it is related to bacteria and dental plaque. The signs/symptoms of peri-implantitis could be one or many of the following:
- Deep pocketing around the implant
- Bleeding at the gum line
- Metal thread exposure
- Redness, irritation or swelling of the gums around the implant
- Generalized discomfort at the implant site
Many times peri-implantitis is asymptomatic, meaning that there is no pain at all. The treatment for peri-implantitis is varied and tailored to every patient. There are several options when considering the best treatment for peri-implantitis. These options include: conventional bone grafting and laser therapy. LAPIP therapy (laser) can many times be used to clean and sterilize the implant surface and allow for the body to grow bone in the previously infected area. Peri-implantitis is yet another reason why dental cleanings and check-ups are so important. The sooner it is addressed, the better the prognosis.
Mucositis around an implant is bacteria driven. This is the pre-cursor to Peri-implantitis. Typically, the tissue around the implant becomes red and inflamed. At this point in time, the bone around the implant has not been affected. When identified early, there is high success in treating Peri-implantitis Mucositis. The sooner it is addressed, the better the prognosis.